Israel – a nation that is over 60% desert – has one of the most advanced and efficient systems in the field of agriculture globally.
From reusing wastewater to drip irrigation, Israel has undoubtedly some of the answers to the other countries’ agricultural problems such as less productivity, resource crunch and irregular weather patterns.
Take a look at some of the cutting-edge technologies being used by Israel:
Under drip irrigation or trickle irrigation, small amounts of water and fertilizers are dripped directly onto the plant’s roots using a network of mainlines, pipes, emitters and lateral lines. Several studies show that drip irrigation systems use 30-50% less water than conventional watering methods.
It is one of the most effective forms used in several developed nations to reduce water wastage. It certainly has the potential to change the face of agriculture.
By adopting a holistic and integrated approach to water consumption, Israel has transformed itself from a water-parched country to a global leader in water conservation. It treats over 80% of its domestic wastewater, which is recycled for agricultural use and other purposes. A nationwide water conveyance system was developed in the 1960s.
An affordable source of plant nutrients, bio-fertilizers are eco-friendly, having a supplementary role with chemical fertilizers. At present, nitrogen-fixing biofertilizers such as Rhizobium, Blue-Green Algae, Azotobacter and Azospirillum represent the biggest segment of the global biofertilizer market. The benefits of biofertilizers include:
• Supply of Organic Nutrients
• Improves soil fertility
• Higher crop yields
• Healthy growth plants/crops
• Make the plants disease-resistant
• Solve problems like increased salinity
• Decompose organic matter
• Help in mineralization in soil
The use of state-of-the-art sensors, drones, UAVs, livestock monitoring gadgets, coupled with data analysis technologies, provide stakeholders with valuable information. Leading Israeli agri-tech companies are using big data tools and data-driven techniques for several purposes in the field of agriculture including:
• Yield Prediction
• Risk Management
• Equipment Management
• Food Safety
• Spoilage Prevention
• Development of New Seed Traits
With improved speeds and better efficiency, agribots are transforming the traditional agriculture in the tiny nation. From gathering aerial images to crop harvesting, robots help the farmers make informed decisions. Robotic cameras are capable of identifying even pests or parasites. As the world population is expected to hit the mark of 9 billion by 2050, many farmers are turning to robotics to harness its full potential.
Agriculture sensors disseminate data to assist farmers in monitoring and optimizing crops by adapting to changes in the environmental conditions. For instance, location sensors determine latitude, longitude and altitude of any position with the help of GPS satellites. While optical sensors use light to measure physical and chemical properties of the soil.