One of the most sustainable methods to reduce human-elephant conflicts
Human-elephant conflicts are frequently happened at the present due to the appropriation of wildlife habitations by a human. Due to the population growth of humans, people invade wildlife habitations. Planting Hana/ hemp, lime plants, bougainvillaea on the demarcation of cultivated lands, planting palmyra trees on the roadsides, beekeeping are methods that can be used to reduce human-elephant conflicts.
Some conservation measures that can reduce human-elephant conflicts
Ex-situ conservation, establishing elephant corridors, increasing the size or extent of protected areas, translocating elephants to another area, electric fencing, Introducing National policies for elephant conservation can be used as conservation measures to reduce human-elephant conflicts.
The method that can minimize human-elephant conflicts as both parties are benefited
People can use leaves, seeds, fruits and roots of palmyra trees are for different purposes, and people can create economically valuable things from some parts of palmyra trees such as fruits. When palmyra trees are grown on roadsides, they should be planted in a zig-zag way with a 5-8 feet gap. Due to the trunk of palmyra trees has a spine like a distinct leaf scar, elephants can’t move through the fence of palmyra trees. And also, shade, fruits, oxygen are provided by palmyra trees. Palmyra trees are good income sources to farmers, jaggery makers and toddy tappers. Elephants also prefer to consume palmyra fruits. Palmyra trees act as a live fence, and electric fences should be maintained continuously until palmyra trees are fully grown. This method is beneficial for both parties. People can earn money from palmyra trees, their fruits, and leaves, while elephants receive food as fruits of palmyra trees and shade. Therefore planting palmyra trees on the roadsides, and boundaries of the areas in which human-elephant conflicts frequently happen are the best method to minimize human-elephant conflicts.