CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Annual Report 2019: Here are the key findings

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The annual report (2019) published by CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) on 17th May 2020 highlights the significance of research on climate information systems.

The report also talks about several state-of-the-art technologies, including happy seeder, alternate wetting and drying, besides CSR initiatives by Sonalika and Reliance Foundations across Indian states.

Here are the major findings:

Climate-Smart Agricultural Strategies Benefited Myanmar & Vietnam

  • The Climate-Smart Agricultural Strategy has driven nearly USD 1 billion of investments in Myanmar.
  • Similarly, in Vietnam, policy initiatives by CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) have also driven USD 1 billion of investments.

Climate-Informed Advisories:

  • In Senegal, the delivery of climate service has in the past resulted in up to 7 million people accessing climate-informed advisories.
  • An impact study in 2019 showed that approximately 68% of farmers used the advisories, leading to changes in
  • Land Preparation
  • Crop Variety Choice
  • Planting Dates
  • Harvesting
  • Conservation Decisions

As a result, this led to 10–25% increases in their income.

  • In 5 Latin American countries, previous estimates were that around 550,000 farmers were receiving climate-informed advisories from LTACs (Local Technical Agroclimatic Committees).

Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) Technology

  • Achieving mitigation outcomes in agriculture is not simple given the lack of incentives for farmers (e.g. no carbon price). However, alternate wetting and drying is a promising technology.
  • AWD was outscaled on 180,000 ha of rice production in Vietnam, reducing over 1 million tCO2-eq/yr.

Happy Seeder Technology

  • The adoption of no-burn, no-till agriculture using happy seeder technology by approximately 0.5 million farm households on 1.3 million hectares in North-West India contributed to
  • Increased yields
  • Farmers’ profits
  • Water and Nutrient savings
  • Reduced burning resulted in less air pollution

Novel Business Models Being Implemented In India & Nepal

  • Initiatives providing access to novel financial services and business models are being implemented with the public and private sectors in India and Nepal for scaling CSVs.

Agronomic Advisories:

  • Thousands of farmers are receiving agronomic advisories in Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Mexico.

CSR Activities by Sonalika, Reliance Foundations in India

  • Sonalika foundation in India has been expanding its CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) activities to support 75
    no-burn villages in Haryana.
  • Reliance Foundation has also started implementing CSV (Climate-Smart Village) approach across 32 districts and 12 states of India.

It is worth noting that the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security aims to tackle the challenges of global warming and declining food security via global collaborations and partnerships.

Downlaod Report – 2019 CCAFS Annual Report