IoT in Agriculture: Here’s how smart farming can create new opportunities for farmers

It is irrefutable that the agricultural sector is moving towards technological advancements, data-driven transformations, adopting data analytics and smart farming technologies in order to meet the growing demand for food.

Internet of Things (IoT) – one of the promising technologies – is also on rise in agriculture. Here are a few application of IoT in farming:

Precision Farming

Although many farmers still rely on traditional techniques to earn livelihood from the land, there are opportunities to use this advanced technology i.e. IoT to drive the world towards a food-secure future. IoT-enabled, tech-enabled precision agriculture techniques attempt to optimize every farming task. These efficient practices boost crop yields and profitability while lower the levels of traditional inputs required to grow crops.

Soil Monitoring

IoT-enabled soil monitoring uses modern technology to empower producers to boost yield, reduce disease and optimise farming operations. IoT sensors can measure:

• Soil temperature
• NPK
• Volumetric water content
• Photosynthetic radiation
• Soil water potential
• Soil oxygen levels

Data from the IoT sensors are then transmitted back to a central point (or the cloud) for analysis, visualisation and trend analysis.

Agriculture Drones

The global population is likely to hit the 9.6 billion mark by the year 2050. In order to feed this population, more progressive agricultural practices are needed. In the era of smart agriculture, use of IoT-driven drones can facilitate crop health assessment, crop screening, farm mapping, analysis of soil and crop health imaging

Livestock Monitoring

From providing day-to-day insights to effective monitoring of livestock, IoT enables farmers to monitor remote locations from one centralized location and give more details on each individual animal using the data collected. IoT sensors in a wearable device can also be helpful in tracking an animal’s location.