Food security is having physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets food preferences and dietary needs of all people for an active and healthy life at all times. Availability, access, utilization and stability of food are four pillars of food security. Food security is a measure of the availability of food and individuals’ accessibility to food when accessibility is affordable. Food production should be increased with the population growth.
Importance of food security
Food insecurity is happened due to poverty. Food insecurity decreases the ability to develop the agricultural markets and economies of a country. Access to quality, nutritious food is required for the existence of humans. Food security brings positive impacts such as economic growth and job creation.
Solutions for Food Insecurity
Reducing/preventing food wastage, encouraging people to preserve food, popularizing food preservation methods, increasing infrastructural programs such as food storage facilities, food transportation, improving existing infrastructural programs, improving trade policies, increasing diversification, taking actions to mitigate climate change are some solutions to food insecurity.
Measures to prevent food security
Increasing Education and literacy of people, Crop diversification, mitigating climate change, integrating water management, integrating nutrient management, improving varieties/creating resistant varieties of crops, improved technology adoption are some measures that can prevent food security.
Challenges of food security
World population growth, increasing the demand for food, increasing food price, the disappearance of the variety of agricultural plant species, increasing the area which has water scarcity, the limitation of land availability, the food losses and food waste are the challenges of food security.